一个查看分区信息的脚本

#!/bin/sh
#
# msinfo.sh This shell script displays the boot sector of the
# given partition.
#
# Author: Rahul U. Joshi
#
# Modifications Removed the use of expr and replaced it by the let
# command.
#
# ------------------------------------------------------------------------
# This program is a free software, you can redistribute it and/or modify
# it under the eterms of the GNU General Public Liscence as published by
# the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 or (at your option) any
# later version.
#
# This program is being distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
# but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY without even the implied warranty of
# MERCHANTIBILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU General
# Public Liscence for more details.
# -------------------------------------------------------------------------

# check for command line arguments
if [ $# -ne 1 ]; then
echo "Usage: msinfo "
exit 1
fi

# check whether the input name is a block device
if [ ! -b $1 ]; then
echo "msinfo: $1 is not a block device"
exit 1
fi

# create two temporary files for use
TMPFILE=`mktemp -q /tmp/$0.XXXXXX`
if [ $? -ne 0 ]; then
echo "msinfo: Can't create temp file, exiting..."
exit 1
fi

TXTFILE=`mktemp -q /tmp/$0.XXXXXX`
if [ $? -ne 0 ]; then
echo "msinfo: Can't create temp file, exiting..."
rm -f $TMPFILE
exit 1
fi

backtitle="`printf "%78s" "msinfo, Information about FAT16 filesystem -- Rahul Joshi"`"

dialog --title "Boot sector of $1" --backtitle "$back_title"
--infobox "nAnalysing boot sector for $1nPlease wait..." 14 60

# truncate TXTFILE to zero length
echo > $TXTFILE

# get Formatting DOS version
dd 2>/dev/null if=$1 bs=1 count=8 skip=3 | dd 2>/dev/null of=$TMPFILE
printf >>$TXTFILE "%30s : %sn" "Formatting DOS version" "`cat $TMPFILE`"

# get file system
dd 2>/dev/null if=$1 bs=1 count=8 skip=54 | dd 2>/dev/null of=$TMPFILE
printf >>$TXTFILE "%30s : %sn" "Filesystem" "`cat $TMPFILE`"

# check if filesystem in a FAT16
if [ "`cat $TMPFILE`" != "FAT16 " ]; then
dialog --title "Boot sector of $1" --backtitle "$back_title"
--infobox "nCan't find a FAT16 filesystem on $1" 14 60
exit 2
fi

# get volume label in boot sector
dd 2>/dev/null if=$1 bs=1 count=11 skip=43 | dd 2>/dev/null of=$TMPFILE
printf >>$TXTFILE "%30s : %sn" "Volume label in boot sector" "`cat $TMPFILE`"

# get Sector size
dd 2>/dev/null if=$1 bs=1 count=2 skip=11| od -An -tdS | dd 2>/dev/null of=$TMPFILE
printf >>$TXTFILE "%30s : %dn" "Sector size" `cat $TMPFILE`
sector_size=`cat $TMPFILE`

# get Reserved sectors
dd 2>/dev/null if=$1 bs=1 count=2 skip=14| od -An -tdS | dd 2>/dev/null of=$TMPFILE
printf >>$TXTFILE "%30s : %dn" " Reserved sectors" `cat $TMPFILE`
reserved_sectors=`cat $TMPFILE`

# get FAT sectors
dd 2>/dev/null if=$1 bs=1 count=1 skip=16| od -An -tdS | dd 2>/dev/null of=$TMPFILE
fat_count=`cat $TMPFILE`

dd 2>/dev/null if=$1 bs=1 count=2 skip=22| od -An -tdS | dd 2>/dev/null of=$TMPFILE
sectors_per_fat=`cat $TMPFILE`

# calculate the no of sectors allocated for FAT's
let fat_sectors=fat_count*sectors_per_fat

printf >>$TXTFILE "%30s : %u (%u x %u) n" "FAT sectors" "$fat_sectors"
"$fat_count" "$sectors_per_fat"

# get root directory sectors
dd 2>/dev/null if=$1 bs=1 count=2 skip=17| od -An -tdS | dd 2>/dev/null of=$TMPFILE
root_sectors=`cat $TMPFILE`

# calculate the no of sectors allocated for root directory
let root_sectors=root_sectors*32/sector_size

printf >>$TXTFILE "%30s : %un" "Root directory sectors" "$root_sectors"

# get Total special sectors
let total=reserved_sectors+fat_sectors+root_sectors
printf >>$TXTFILE "%30s : %un" "Total special sectors" "$total"

# display the information
dialog --title "Boot sector of $1" --backtitle "$back_title" --msgbox "`cat
$TXTFILE`" 14 60

# delete temporary files
rm -f $TMPFILE
rm -f $TXTFILE

# end of msinfo.sh

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